Small town, mountains, beautiful people; many photos: Dhulikhel

I have shared photo tips from different parts of Nepal, which I have visited many times since 2009, in previous issues. In these posts, I tried to convey to you the big cities, temples and squares. In this issue, we are in Nepal again... However, this time we will pursue photography in a small town... In Dhulikel, one of the points we go to to watch the Himalayan range during our Nepal trips, the people and portrait studies we do especially in the small town are very enjoyable with the warm approach of friends from Dhulikel...

As always, first prepare for the trip… Every photographic trip, unless it is a thematic trip like safaris, has an important phase in terms of preparing a lot of equipment. While we prepare certain lenses for thematic trips, we must also take lenses with different visual effects for different topics on other trips.
Camera: As with all photography trips, I recommend that you take 2 cameras with you, one of which is a spare, during your Nepal trip. I carry OM System OM-1 and OM-5 bodies with me on my travels. This way, I have the chance to use all lenses on different cameras. Of course, I also have spare batteries and memory cards with me for the shooting we will be doing throughout the day. In addition, these models' high ISO performance and surprising anti-shake feature enable them to work very comfortably in all kinds of interior spaces such as mosques, tombs and museums. I can get very successful results by using these stems in the video works that I have been trying to focus on lately.
Lens: In this route, we will mainly work on human and portrait photographs. We will also take nature photos as well as indoor shots. For this reason, we will need lenses of different focal lengths.We need wide-angle lenses, especially when shooting interiors and human-architecture relationships. I prefer OM System M. Zuiko's 8-25 mm f4 Pro and 7-14 mm f2.8 Pro lenses for these shots.

Of course, it is important to have general use lenses with us. For this reason, one of OM System M. Zuiko's 12-45 mm f4, 12-40 mm f2.8 or 12-100 mm f4 pro lenses should definitely be with us...

I can say that the 40-150 mm f2.8 Pro or 40-150 mm f4 Pro lens will be an important part of this trip, especially for portrait shots. People in Dhulikel are very friendly, so we often do portrait work. Tele lenses are very useful in these shots due to both limited depth of field use and perspective accumulation.

Shootings - Mountains
Dhulikel, at an altitude of 1550 meters, is one of the points where we can watch the Himalayan range at sunrise. For this reason, every time we go, we wake up before sunrise and wait for the mountains to appear. Although we are not very lucky every time, we have the opportunity to produce photographs in different atmospheres in different seasons. We try to record the photos we take here with alternative framing such as wide, narrow, horizontal and vertical. In such photographs, we work with low aperture values such as 11, 16, 22 to ensure that everything is clear from the closest point to the farthest point. Since the light conditions and atmosphere change every minute, we do not stop working after taking a few frames, we continue working until the light conditions in which we cannot take the shots occur. We take photos by changing the focal length for alternative frames..

We do not neglect to study the horizontal-vertical alternatives of the frames we create with a telephoto lens, especially when situations such as cloud passages and fog occur... I prefer ESP as a light metering system in nature-landscape photographs, so I have the chance to evaluate the light conditions from many different parts of the frame.

Shootings – People- Places
In Dhulikel, as in other parts of Nepal, you will often see woodwork on doors and windows. For this reason, when taking photos on the streets, you will include examples of this craftsmanship in your frames along with people. Depending on your distance, you can choose a lens close to the telephoto lens when photographing Nepalese people wearing their traditional clothes while walking on the streets and the surrounding structures. In this way, you will establish the human-space relationship more easily due to the perspective accumulation effect that brings the background closer to the front. Of course, in photographs of walking people, pressing the shutter button at the right moment to convey movement and emotion will be an important choice.

Neighborhood grocery stores and small shops, which we once encountered frequently in Nepal, are among the subjects we work hard on. In particular, there are many photographs in our archives showing people sitting in front of these shops and the places together. I prefer the classic 3:2 ratio in my photographs, so when I find a shop entrance that suits this ratio, it becomes very easy to create the composition. When there is an artificial light source indoors and we want to include the color effect of this light in the photograph, choosing White Balance as "daylight" is also a correct technical choice.

Working with different frames of people sitting in front of wooden shutters will allow you to add strong frames to your archive. While working on these photographs, you can create alternative frames by changing your perspective, lens, and the aperture value you use. Of course, choosing the Golden Ratio - Golden Lines, one of the classical composition criteria, in these frames will facilitate the expression. The important point in these photographs is to choose your focus point on the person in the frame and to remove unnecessary elements from the frame with angle-height-lens.

When we wander around a new place for photography, the people we encounter at doors and windows are among the main subjects we work on. When working on these photographs, it is important to make sure that the horizontal and vertical sides of the doors and windows are parallel to the horizontal and vertical sides of the photo frame. To achieve this, you need to choose your viewpoint correctly. Finding the right angle when photographing any subject is the first thing we pay attention to. After finding our shooting angle without rushing, we decide on the elements that will enter the frame. We make sure that the right-left, bottom-top and top-bottom spaces are equal in the photographs we take from straight ahead. Having people at the focal point of the photo will also add dynamism to our photography.

The communication you establish while taking photos of people sitting and chatting on the streets and in front of doors will make the photos more sincere and warm. When starting this communication, it is normal to work remotely with a telephoto lens first. The lens you use when sorting out the surrounding elements will be of great help to you. Additionally, choosing an open aperture will be useful in this sorting process as it will blur the background. If you choose people whose clothes contrast with the environment, you can easily create the center of attention. You will be able to capture facial expressions at the most powerful moment in the photographs you take at different moments.

When you start approaching people through your communication, you will also need to change your objective preference. In this change from tele lens to normal and wide angle, if you are using a zoom lens, choosing a lens with open aperture values such as 4 or 2.8 aperture will allow you to control the depth of field and work comfortably in low-light environments.

Door and window fronts will provide the appropriate light conditions for taking effective photographs, as they will create light and dark areas within the frame. Having the people you will photograph in a bright area, measuring the light from the bright area, and making exposure intervention in the negative (-) direction will ensure that colors and tones are formed correctly.

Using an open aperture will make it easier for you to use a limited depth of field in portrait shots with a telephoto lens. It will be possible to reduce the depth of field to its most limited form by getting closer to the person you are photographing, along with the lens and aperture choice you use. In this way, it will be easier to emphasize features such as look, smile, expression and attitude.

Of course, we do not complete our photography work by photographing people from a distance with a telephoto lens and running away. As you communicate and get closer to people, you will have the opportunity to shoot different frames with one person. In this way, you can take photos of the same person in different lighting conditions and different frames. You can take these shots outside or indoors. It is important that the person you photograph trusts you in these relationships you will establish. This trust is of two types. First, he or she must trust that you won't photograph that person in an offensive way. Secondly, it trusts that you will not use the photo you took in an uncomfortable place again. In this way, they will allow you to take photos more easily. Of course, it is also important that you do not extend your work so much that it becomes boring, and that you share the photos you take with that person. After establishing communication, you should not neglect to study alternative frames such as outside, inside, general, detail...

As in many villages, towns and cities in Nepal, street vendors in Dhulikel are among our photography works with their colorful images. The use of a telephoto lens and open aperture in these photographs will ensure that the attention is focused only on the main subject. Especially those who shoot in JPEG format will have the opportunity to work with warmer colors if they choose the White Balance setting as "cloudy".

Of course, every photography volunteer will create many different subjects and approaches, even in this small town. For this reason, I tried to explain only very specific points with very obvious examples. While making the promise; Of course, photography is a field that is pursued individually. Still, photography journeys with a group or a consultant can provide the opportunity to work efficiently and help you get quick results in solving the problems you encounter. OM System is a structure created for this purpose on roads.

Cenk GENÇDİŞ is an experienced professional photographer with more than 30 years of experience in this field. His captivating photographs and illuminating articles have been published in numerous prestigious magazines. With a global reach, the artist has exhibited his work in various parts of Turkey and the world, given engaging presentations and interviews, and earned himself many prestigious awards in photography competitions.

Cenk has been transferring his extensive knowledge through photography lessons since 1995 and positively affecting the lives of thousands of prospective photographers. A sought-after photography instructor and consultant, he has collaborated with more than 50 institutions and organizations, sharing his expertise and guiding individuals on their photographic journeys. With his keen perspective and expert advice, he organizes fascinating photography tours to more than 20 countries, offering enthusiasts unique opportunities to hone their skills and explore the world through their own lens.

As a testament to his extraordinary talent and dedication to the art of photography, Cenk GENÇDİŞ proudly serves as the OM System/Olympus International Brand Ambassador.

- OM System OM-1
- M.Zuiko 12-40mm F2.8 PRO
- OM System OM-5 Body
- M.Zuiko 8-25mm PRO

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